Carolyn L. Gemma is an Associate in Lozano Smith's Sacramento office. Ms. Gemma advises educational institutions throughout the state on all matters affecting daily operations.
Ms. Gemma specializes in labor and employment matters, including employee discipline and termination; responding and facilitating resolutions to grievances, unfair labor practice charges and EEOC charges; and conducting workplace investigations. She also advises clients regarding compliance with state and federal laws; drafting, negotiating, and revising board policies, administrative regulations, employee handbooks, consent forms and contracts; and student matters such as discipline, search and seizure and free speech.
Ms. Gemma earned a law degree from the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law. During law school, Ms. Gemma served as a member of the McGeorge Law Review and as a Judicial Extern for the Honorable John A. Mendez of the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. Ms. Gemma earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of San Diego, where she majored in Political Science, minored in Italian Studies, and graduated cum laude
Effective January 1, 2018, Assembly Bill (AB) 1008 amends the Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) to restrict an employer's ability to make hiring decisions based on a job applicant's criminal conviction history.
AB 1008 prohibits an employer from asking about criminal conviction history until the applicant has received a conditional offer of employment. After a conditional offer of employment has been made, an employer may conduct a criminal co...
Employers, including public agency employers, will be forbidden from asking job applicants for their salary history when Assembly Bill (AB) 168 becomes effective on January 1, 2018.
AB 168 explicitly prohibits public agency employers from asking job applicants for salary history information. However, when an applicant voluntarily and without prompting provides salary history information, employers may use the information as a factor in determining salary if the e...