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Meet-and-Confer Requirement Does Not Apply to Pension Reform Measure Placed on Ballot through Voter Initiative Process

In Boling v. Public Employment Relations Board (Apr. 11, 2017, D069626) ___ Cal.App.4th ___ (Boling), the Fourth District Court of Appeal invalidated a decision by the Public Employment Relations Board (PERB) holding that a city council violated the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act (MMBA) by placing a voter initiative to amend the city's charter on the ballot without first meeting and con

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2017 Annual Notice of Parental Rights and Responsibilities Updates

California school districts and county offices of education are required annually, at the beginning of each school year, to provide written notice of parental rights and responsibilities. Lozano Smith continuously tracks legislation impacting these notices.

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Ninth Circuit Loosens Time Limits on IDEA Claims

In a case of first impression, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled in favor of looser time limits on Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) claims.

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Federal Court Holds Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation is Prohibited under Title VII

In Hively v. Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana, a federal appeals court evaluated whether federal antidiscrimination laws protect an individual against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation under Title VII (42 U.S.C. ยง 2000e-2(a)). In a landmark decision, the court held that under Title VII, such discrimination is unlawful.

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Ninth Circuit Reverses Summary Judgment, Finding Employer's Response to Discrimination and Harassment Complaints Inadequate

In Reynaga v. Roseburg Forest Products (9th Cir. 2017) 847 F.3d 678, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals recently delivered an important opinion regarding public entity employers and what is required for an appropriate response to an employee's complaint of harassment or hostile work environment.

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IDEA Procedural Requirements Warrant a Second Look After Recent Ninth Circuit Decision

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals recently issued a decision inM.C. v. Antelope Valley Union High Sch. Dist.

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Introducing the TIP Jar

Technology offers a seemingly boundless array of opportunities: It can provide targeted learning to students with diverse abilities, make instruction available to anyone with a computer and an Internet connection, and aid law enforcement efforts to safeguard communities.

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Tech TIPs: Preventing Data Breaches

Public agencies are increasingly the targets of malware and ransomware attacks. So what can you do to protect your agency?

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Public Agency Notification Requirements under the Information Practices Act

State and federal law generally require agencies to protect the privacy of students, families and employees.

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