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Attorney General Sessions Defines Federal Funding Subject to Withholding Due to Sanctuary Policies

U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions provided clarity on which federal funding would be subject to a withholding for implementing "sanctuary" policies that direct employees to refuse to communicate with, or frustrate communication of immigration status information to, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) as required by federal law.

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California Supreme Court Clarifies Use of Anti-SLAPP Motions

A new California Supreme Court ruling clarifies how litigants may use a tool intended to fight lawsuits filed to chill free speech.

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Appeals Court Says Bidding Not Required for Lease-Leaseback Contract

Another California appellate court has ruled that a lease-leaseback (LLB) contract made without competitive bidding is legally enforceable.

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New Title IX Website Posting Required by July 1

July 1, 2017 is the deadline for California educational agencies to post information on their websites about students' rights under Title IX.

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Governor Signs Bill Limiting Design Professionals' Duty to Indemnify Against Liability

The law regarding what obligations a design professional may assume to defend and indemnify a client against liability has been amended once again, and the resulting changes will affect the terms that can be included in design professionals' contracts.

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Meet-and-Confer Requirement Does Not Apply to Pension Reform Measure Placed on Ballot through Voter Initiative Process

In Boling v. Public Employment Relations Board (Apr. 11, 2017, D069626) ___ Cal.App.4th ___ (Boling), the Fourth District Court of Appeal invalidated a decision by the Public Employment Relations Board (PERB) holding that a city council violated the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act (MMBA) by placing a voter initiative to amend the city's charter on the ballot without first meeting and con

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2017 Annual Notice of Parental Rights and Responsibilities Updates

California school districts and county offices of education are required annually, at the beginning of each school year, to provide written notice of parental rights and responsibilities. Lozano Smith continuously tracks legislation impacting these notices.

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Ninth Circuit Loosens Time Limits on IDEA Claims

In a case of first impression, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled in favor of looser time limits on Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) claims.

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Federal Court Holds Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation is Prohibited under Title VII

In Hively v. Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana, a federal appeals court evaluated whether federal antidiscrimination laws protect an individual against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation under Title VII (42 U.S.C. ยง 2000e-2(a)). In a landmark decision, the court held that under Title VII, such discrimination is unlawful.

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