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Editor's Note: The Aftermath of City of San Jose

In this issue of the TIP Jar, we explain City of San Jose’s big takeaways, and more.

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Private Emails Discussing Public Business are Public Records. Now What?

As public agency officials and employees have increasingly turned to text messages and email to facilitate communication anytime and anywhere, they lost touch with a basic truth: Electronic communications are writings.

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Hold On: Litigation Holds and Electronic Records

You may have experienced the following situation working for a local public agency. You open your mail and you see a document entitled "Litigation Hold."

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Paper Laws, Electronic Records: An Overview of Record Retention Laws for California School Employees

It is more important than ever that school district employees and elected officials familiarize themselves with their obligations in retaining school district records.

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Metadata: Insight from an Industry Expert

In our technology-driven world, a California Public Records Act request typically seeks some form of electronic communication or record created using a computer and software program.

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Curbing Troublesome Texts

It’s often a headache for school administrators: A teacher opts to forego the district’s email system and instead gives out his or her personal cell phone number.

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Supreme Court Finds Trademark Disparagement Clause Unconstitutional

The United States Supreme Court has held that trademarks are private speech protected by the First Amendment, even if some find the ideas they express offensive.

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Supreme Court Strikes Down Denial of Government Grant to Church

The United States Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional a state policy excluding churches from participating in a government benefit program solely based on their religious status.

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New Law Removes Restriction on Funding Student Field Trips

A bill signed by Governor Jerry Brown on July 10 allows school districts to pay the expenses of students participating in field trips or excursions to other states, the District of Columbia or a foreign country. Assembly Bill (AB) 341 goes into effect on January 1, 2018.

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